Brunner, Edward. "Hart Crane: Biographical Sketch," Modern American Poetry. Available on-line. URL: Downloaded December 2003.

-. Splendid Failure: Hart Crane and the Making of the

Bridge. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1985. Mariani, Paul. The Broken Tower: The Life of Hart Crane. New York: WW Norton, 1999.

A. Mary Murphy

CRAPSEY, ADELAIDE (1878-1914) "We should not let them disappear," Yvor WINTERS said of Adelaide Crapsey's poems in the 1930s, when her name was still known but was already in danger of extinction (331). Indeed the many critics who discovered her slim posthumous volume, Verses (1915, 1922, 1934) noted the ephemeral quality of her poetry and the personality behind it. Artists and poets as different as Marsden Hartley, Carl SANDBURG, and Lola Ridge praised Crapsey's work with articles and poems. The reasons for praise, however, were the emotional effect of her works, not initially her innovative form, the

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