These languages are frequently used in on-line environments that allow real people or created characters to interact. Electronic environments are also conducive to collaboration and enhance the interactive quality of poetry Chat rooms allow written conversations in real time online. MOOs (Multiple User Dungeons Objected Oriented), which are similar to early computer game environments called MUDs, or "multiuser dungeons," based on the game "Dungeons and Dragons," allow characters with various sorts of attributes to interact through typed commands. MOOs have been used as on-line classrooms. Bulletin boards, where messages are posted and read, and listservs, where e-mails sent to an address are forwarded to each member of a group, allow electronic communication over time. MOOs, MUDs, chat, and listserv environments allow cyberpoets Miekel And, Alan Sondheim, and others to manipulate the ways that a poet, narrator, speaker, or character may write or be written in a poem and the time reading or writing a poem may occupy. For example, some collaborations are based on historical collaborative forms, such as Japanese renga, with progressive stanzas written by different poets, and surrealist "exquisite corpses," with progressive lines written by poets who have not read the preceding lines.
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