George Oppen, New Collected Poems, ed. Michael Davidson (New York, 2002).

Burton Hatlen, ed., George Oppen: Man and Poet (Orono, ME, 1981). Michael Heller, Conviction's Net of Branches: Essays on the Objectivist Poets and Poetry (Carbondale, IL, 1985).

Theodore Roethke was born in Saginaw, Michigan, where his father owned a commercial greenhouse business. Roethke's childhood memories of the greenhouses and of his father are frequent subjects of his poetry, alongside the related theme of descending into the self to discover an elemental life force at one with the growing plants of the greenhouse and the life that surrounds it. Thus towards the end of "North American Sequence," a long meditative sequence in his posthumously published The Far Field, the poet thinks:

White and red, in the wide six-hundred-foot greenhouses, And my father standing astride the cement benches, Lifting me high over the four-foot stems, the Mrs. Russells, and his own elaborate hybrids,

And how those flowerheads seemed to flow toward me, to beckon me, only a child, out of myself.

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