Although the original plan for this book was drawn up by myself, I have benefited enormously from the suggestions of individuals too numerous to name, but mostly of my contributors, whose influence on the book, in many cases, has extended far beyond their named contributions. I am indebted to many of them for the final shape of the book, and often for suggesting other contributors. Above all I want to thank Hugh Witemeyer for the conversations in New Mexico, at the very beginning of the project, which helped enormously to start it off. I am also grateful to Peter Derlien for generously giving me his time to help to accomplish the daunting task of proofreading.

The editor and publishers wish to thank the following, who have kindly given permission for the use of copyright material.

W. H. Auden, 'Watershed', 'Venus Will Now Say a Few Words', 'The Letter' from Collected Poems. Copyright c W. H. Auden 1934 & 1962. Published by Faber and Faber Ltd. Reproduced by permission of Faber and Faber, Curtis Brown Inc. and Random House Inc.

Frank Chipisula, 'Manifesto on Ars Poetica' from The Heinemann Book of African Poetry, 1990. Edited by Maja-Pearce. Reproduced by permission of Heinemann Educational.

Robert Creeley, 'Something' from The Collected Poems of Robert Creeley 1945—1975, University of California Press. Reproduced by permission. Louis MacNeice, 'In Lieu' and 'Soap Suds' from Collected Poems, 1979, ed. E. R. Dodds. Published by Faber and Faber Ltd. Reproduced by permission of David Higham Associates.

Charles Olson, The Maximus Poems, ed and trans. George Butterick, copyright c 1983 the Regents of the University of California, reprinted by permission of the University of California Press.

Ezra Pound, 'In a Station of the Metro' and 'Papyrus' from Selected Poems. Reproduced by permission of Faber and Faber Ltd. Jonathan Williams, 'The Hermit Cackleberry Brown' from An Ear in Bartram's Tree, published as a New Directions paperback, reprinted by permission of Jonathan Williams.

Every effort has been made to trace all copyright holders, but if any have been inadvertently overlooked the publishers will be pleased to make the necessary arrangement at the earliest opportunity.

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