Durham

Verse Indeterminate Saxon

Is eos burch breome geond Breotenrice, steppa gestaolad, stanas ymbutan wundrum gew«xen. Weor ymbeornad, ea yum stronge, and er inne wuna

feola fisca kyn on floda gemonge. And «r gewexen is wudaf«stern micel; wuniad in em wycum wilda deor monige, in deope dalum deora ungerim. Is in ere byri eac bearnum gecyed

e arfesta eadig Cudberch and es clene cyninges heafud, Osuualdes, Engle leo, and Aidan biscop, Eadberch and Eadfri, «ele geferes. Is er inne midd heom «elwold biscop

and breoma bocera Beda, and Boisil abbot, e clene Cudberte on gechee lerde lustum, and he his lara wel genom. Eardi« «t em eadige in in em minstre unarimeda reliquia,

«r monia wundrum gewura, es e writ segge, midd ene drihnes wer domes bide.

The Rune Poem

Verse Indeterminate Saxon feoh byp frofur fira gehwylcum. Sceal eah manna gehwylc miclun hyt d«lan gif he wile for drihtne domes hleotan. ur byp anmod and oferhyrned,

felafrecne deor, feohtep mid hornum, m«re morstapa; p«t is modig wuht. dhorn byp earle scearp; egna gehwylcum anfeng ys yfyl, ungemetun repe manna gehwylcun e him mid reste.

os byp ordfruma «lcre spruce, wisdomes wrapu and witena frofur, and eorla gehwam eadnys and tohiht.

rad byp on recyde rinca gehwylcum sefte, and swiphw«t am e sittep on ufan meare m«genheardum ofer milpapas. cen byp cwicera gehwam cup on fyre, blac and beorhtlic, byrnep oftust «r hi «pelingas inne restap. gifu gumena byp gleng and herenys, wrapu and wyrpscype, and wr«cna gehwam ar and «twist e byp opra leas. wen ne brucep e can weana lyt, sares and sorge, and him sylfa h«fp bl«d and blysse and eac byrga geniht.

haegl byp hwitust corna; hwyrft hit of heofones lyfte, wealcap hit windes scuras, weorpep hit to w«tere syan. nyd byp nearu on breostan, weorpep hi eah oft nipa bearnum to helpe and to h«le gehw«pre, gif hi his hlystap «ror. is byp oferceald, ungemetum slidor, glisnap gl«shluttur, gimmum gelicust, flor forste geworuht, f«ger ansyne.

ger byp gumena hiht, on god l«tep, halig heofones cyning, hrusan syllan beorhte bleda beornum and earfum.

eoh byp utan unsmepe treow, heard, hrusan fest, hyrde fyres, wyrtrumun underwrepyd, wyn on eple. peordh byp symble plega and hlehter wlancum ar wigan sittap

on beorsele blipe «tsomne. eolhx secg eard h«fp oftust on fenne, wexe on wature, wundap grimme, blode brene beorna gehwylcne e him «nigne onfeng gede.

sigel semannum onn hi hine feriap op hi brimhengest tir bip tacna sum, wip «pelingas,

ofer nihta genipu n«fre swicep. beorc byp bleda leas, berep efne swa eah tanas butan tudder, bip on telgum wlitig, heah on helme hrysted f«gere, geloden leafum, lyfte getenge.

eh byp for eorlum hors hofum wlanc, welege on wicgum, and bip unstyllum man byp on myrgpe

sceal peah anra gehwylc orum swican, for am dryhten wyle dome sine p«t earme fl«sc eorpan bet«can. lagu byp leodum langsum gepuht, gif hi sculun nepan on nacan tealtum,

and hi s«ypa swype bregap, and se brimhengest bridles ne gyme. ing w«s «rest mid Eastdenum symble bip on hihte, ofer fisces bep, bringep to lande. healde trywa wel a bip on f«rylde,

«pelinga wyn, «r him hxlep ymbe, wrixlap spr«ce, «fre frofur. his magan leof;

gesewen secgun, op he sian eft ofer w«g gewat, w«n «fter ran;

us heardingas one h«le nemdun. edhel byp oferleof «ghwylcum men, gif he mot «r rihtes and gerysena on brucan on bolde bleadum oftast. daeg byp drihtnes sond, deore mannum,

m«re metodes leoht, myrgp and tohiht eadgum and earmum, eallum brice. ac byp on eorpan elda bearnum fl«sces fodor, ferep gelome ofer ganotes b«p; garsecg fandap

hw«per ac h«bbe aesc bip oferheah, stip on stapule, eah him feohtan on yr byp «pelinga

wyn and wyrpmynd, byp on wicge f«ger, f«stlic on f«relde, fyrdgeatewa sum. ior byp eafix, and eah a brucep fodres on foldan, hafap f«gerne eard, w«tre beworpen, «r he wynnum leofap.

ear byp egle eorla gehwylcun, onn f«stlice fl«sc onginnep, hraw colian, hrusan ceosan blac to gebeddan; bleda gedreosap, wynna gewitap, wera geswicap.

Solomon and Saturn

Verse Indeterminate Saxon Saturnus cw«:

"Hw«t! Ic iglanda eallra h«bbe boca onbyrged purh gebregdstafas, larcr«ftas onlocen Libia and Greca,

swylce eac istoriam Indea rices.

«pele treowe. eldum dyre, stede rihte hylt, firas monige. and eorla gehw«s

Me pa treahteras tala wisedon on pam micelan bec

M ces heardum.

Swylce ic nœfre on eallum pam fyrngewrytum findan ne mihte soe samnode. Ic sohte pa git hwylc wœre modes oe mœgenprymmes, elnes oe œhte oe eorlscipes se gepalmtwigoda Pater Noster. Sille ic pe ealle, sunu Dauides, peoden Israela, XXX punda smœtes goldes and mine suna twelfe, gif pu mec gebringest pœt ic si gebryrded urh pœs cantices cwyde Cristes linan, gesemes mec mid soe, and ic mec gesund fare, wende mec on willan on wœteres hrigc ofer Coferflod Caldeas secan." Salomon cwœ:

"Unlœde bi on eorpan, unnit lifes, wese wisdomes, wealla swa nieten, feldgongende feoh butan gewitte, se purh one cantic ne can Crist geherian. Wora he windes full, worpa hine deofol on domdœge, draca egeslice, bismorlice, of blacere liran irenum aplum; ealle beo aweaxen of edwittes ia heafdum.

ponne him bi leofre onne eall eos leohte gesceaft, gegoten fram am grunde goldes and seolfres, feersceatum full feohgestreona, gif he œfre œs organes owiht cue.

Fraco he bi onne and fremede frean œlmihtigum, englum ungelic ana hwearfa."

Saturnus cwœ:

"Ac hwa mœg eaost ealra gesceafta a halgan duru heofona rices torhte ontynan on getœlrime?"

"œt gepalmtwigede Pater Noster heofonas ontyne, halige geblissa,

metod gemiltsa, moror gefylle, adwœsce deofles fyr, dryhtnes onœle. Swylce u miht mid y beorhtan gebede blod onhœtan, œs deofles dreor, pœt him dropan stiga, swate geswied, seofan intingum,

egesfullicran onne seo œrene gripu, onne heo for XII fyra tydernessum ofer gleda gripe gifrust wealle. Foron hafa se cantic ofer ealle Cristes bec widmœrost word; he gewritu lœre,

stefnum steore, and him stede healde heofona rices, heregeatewa wige." Saturnus cwœ:

"Ac hulic is se organ ingemyndum to begonganne am e his gast wile

meltan wi morre, mergan of sorge, asceadan of scyldum? Huru him scippend geaf wuldorlicne wlite. Mec œs on worolde full oft fyrwit frine, fus gewite, mod gemenge. Nœnig manna wat,

hœlea under hefenum, hu min hige dreose, bysig œfter bocum; hwilum me bryne stige, hige heortan neah hœdre wealle." Salomon cwœ:

"Gylden is se godes cwide, gimmum astœned,

hafa sylfren leaf; urh gastes gife He bi seofan snytro and modes meolc, He mœg a saule

gefeccan under foldan, nœfre hie se feond to œs nier feterum gefœstna; eah he hie mid fiftigum clusum beclemme, he one crœft brice sundor mœg œghwylc godspel secgan.

and saule hunig mœrpa gesœlgost. of siennihte

and a orancas ealle toslite. Hungor he ahiee, helle gestrude, wylm toweorpe, wuldor getimbre. He is modigra middangearde, staole strengra onne ealra stana gripe. Lamena he is l«ce, leoht wincendra, swilce he is deafra duru, dumbra tunge, scyldigra scyld, scyppendes seld, flodes ferigend, folces nerigend, ya yrfeweard, earmra fisca and wyrma welm, wildeora holt, on westenne weard, weormynta geard.

And se e wile geornlice one godes cwide singan solice, and hine siemle wile lufian butan leahtrum, he m«g one laan g«st, feohtende feond, fleonde gebrengan, gif u him «rest on ufan ierne gebrengest prologa prima, am is peordh P nama.

Hafa gum«cga gierde lange, gyldene gade, and a one grymman feond swimod sweopa, and him on swae fylge ac A oferm«gene and hine eac ofslih.

tir T hine teswa and hine on a tungan stica, wr«ste him «t woddor and him a wongan briece. eh E hiene yfla, swa he a wile ealra feonda gehwane f«ste gestondan. onne hiene on unanc rad R ieorrenga gesece, bocstafa brego, bregde sona feond be am feaxe, l«te flint brecan scines sconcan; he ne besceawa no his leomona li, ne bi him l«ce god.

Wende he hiene onne under wolcnum, wigsteall sece, heolstre behelmed. Huru him bi «t heartan wa, onne he hangiende helle wisce,

«s ^ngestan eelrices.

onne hine forcinna a cirican getuinnas,

nyd N and os O samod «ghw«er brenge sweopan of sie; sargia hwile fremdne fl«schoman, feorh ne bemurna.

onne sigel S cyme, engla ger«swa, wuldores st«f, wrane gegripe feond be am fotum, l«te foreweard hleor on strangne stan, stregda toas geond helle heap. Hyde hine «ghwylc

«fter sceades sciman; sceaa bi gebisigod,

Satanes egn swie gestilled.

Swilce hiene q Q and ur V cwealme gehn«ga, frome folctogan, fara him togegnes, habba leoht speru, lange sceaftas, swimode sweopan, swenga ne wyrna, deorra dynta; him bi «t deofol la. onne hine I and lagu L and se yrra cen C

gue begyrda (geap st«f wige biterne brogan), biga sona helle h^ftling, «t he on hinder g«.

onne hiene feoh F and man M utan ymbringa, scyldigne sceaan, habba scearp speru, atole earhfare, «led l«ta on «s feondes feax flana stregdan, biterne brogan; banan heardlice grimme ongielda, «s hie oft gilp breca. onne hine «t niehstan nearwe stille ger G se geapa, one god sende freondum on fultum, f«re «fter daeg D fifm«gnum full. Fyr bi se ridda st«f str«te neah, stille bide. haegl H onette, engel hine scierpe,

Cristes cempan, on cwicum w«dum godes spyrigendes geonges hr«gles. onne hine on lyfte lifgetwinnan under tungla getrumum tuigena ordum, sweopum seolfrynum, swie wealla,

gartorn geota gifrum deofle.

M«g simle se godes cwide gumena gehwylcum ealra feonda gehwane fleondne gebrengan urh mannes mu, manfulra heap

sweartne geswencan, n«fre hie «s syllice bleoum bregda. «fter bancofan feerhoman onfo, hwilum flotan gripa; hwilum hie gewenda in wyrmes lic stronges and sticoles, stinge nieten,

feldgongende feoh gestrude. Hwilum he on w«tere wicg gehn«ge, hornum geheawe, o«t him heortan blod, famig flodes b«, foldan gesece. Hwilum he gefetera f«ges mannes,

handa gehefega, onne he «t hilde sceall wi la werud lifes tiligan; awrite he on his w«pne w«llnota heap, bealwe bocstafas, bill forscrife, meces m«ro. Foron n«nig man scile

oft orances ut abredan w«pnes ecgge, eah e him se wlite cweme, ac symle he sceal singan, onne he his sweord geteo,

Pater Noster, and «t palmtreow biddan mid blisse, «t him bu gife

feorh and folme, onne his feond cyme."

«t a sienfullan saula sticien mid hettendum helle tomiddes. Hate onne heahcining helle betynan,

fyres fulle, and a feondas mid." H«fde a se snotra sunu Dauides forcumen and forcyed Caldea eorl. Hw«re was on s«lum se e of sie cwom feorran gefered; n«fre «r his ferh ahlog.

Hw«t! Ic flitan gefr«gn on fyrndagum modgleawe men, middangeardes r^swan, gewesan ymbe hira wisdom; wyrs de se e lieh oe «s soes ans«ce. Saloman was bremra, eah e Saturnus sumra h«fde,

bald breosttoga, boca c«ga, leornenga locan. land eall geondhwearf, Indea mere, east Corsias, Persea rice, Palestinion, Niniuen ceastre and nor Predan,

Meda maumselas, Marculfes eard, Saulus rice, swa he su lige ymbe Geallboe and ymb Geador nor, Filistina flet, festen Creca, wudu Egipta, w«ter Mathea, eludas Coreffes, Caldea rice, Creca cr«ftas, cynn Arabia, lare Libia, lond Syria, Pitinia, Buanasan, Pamhpilia, Pores gem«re,

Macedonia, Mesopotamie, Cappadocia, Cristes eel, Hieryhco, Galilea, Hierusalem

"oe ic swigie, nyttes hycgge, eah ic no sprece.

Wat ic onne, gif u gewitest on Wendels« ofer Coforflod cye secean, «t u wille gilpan «t u h«bbe gúmena bearn forcumen and forcyed. Wat ic «t w«ron Caldeas gue «s gielpne and «s goldwlonce, m«ra «s modige, «r to am moning gelomp su ymbe Sanere feld. S«ge me from am lande «r n«nig fyra ne m«g fotum gest«ppan." Saturnus cu«:

"Se m«ra was haten s«liende weallende Wulf, wereodum cu

Filistina, freond Nebrondes.

He on am felda ofslog XXV

dracena on d«gred, and hine a dea offeoll;

one mercstede, mon gesecan, fugol gefleogan, ne on ma foldan neat.

anon atercynn œrest gewurdon wide onwœcned, a e nu weallende urh attres oro ingang ryma.

Git his sweord scine swie gescœned, and ofer a byrgenna blica a hieltas." Salomon cwœ:

"Dol bi se e gœ on deop wœter, se e sund nafa ne gesegled scip ne fugles flyht, ne he mid fotum ne mœg grund gerœcan; huru se godes cunna full dyslice, dryhtnes meahta." Saturnus cuœ:

"Ac hwœt is se dumba, se e on sumre dene reste?

Swie snyttra, hafa seofon tungan; hafa tungena gehwylc XX orda, hafa orda gehwylc engles snytro, ara e wile anra hwylc uppe bringan, œt u œre gyldnan gesiehst Hierusalem weallas blican and hiera winrod lixan, sofœstra segn. Saga hwœt ic mœne." Salomon cuœ:

"Bec sindon breme, bodia geneahhe weotodne willan am e wiht hyge.

Gestranga hie and gestaelia staolfœstne geoht, amyrga modsefan manna gehwylces of reamedlan isses lifes." Saturnus cwœ:

"Bald bi se e onbyrege boca crœftes;

symle bi e wisra e hira geweald hafa." Salomon cuœ:

"Sige hie onsenda sofœstra gehwam, hœlo hye, am e hie lufa." Saturnus cwœ:

"An wise is on woroldrice ymb a me fyrwet brœc L wintra dœges and niehtes urh deop gesceaft; geomrende gast de nu gena swa, œron me geunne ece dryhten

œt me geseme snoterra monn." Salomon cwœ:

"So is œt u sagast; seme ic e recene ymb a wrœtlican wiht. Wilt u œt ic e secgge?

An fugel site on Filistina

middelgemœrum; munt is hine ymbutan, geap gylden weall. Georne hine healda witan Filistina, wena œs e naht is, œt hiene him scyle eall eod on genœman wœpna ecggum; hie œs wœre cunnon,

healda hine niehta gehwylce noran and suan on twa healfa tu hund wearda.

Se fugel hafa IIII heafdu medumra manna, and he is on middan hwœlen;

geowes he hafa fieru and griffus fet,

lige lonnum fœst, loca unhiere, swie swinge and his searo hringe, gille geomorlice and his gyrn sefa, wylle hine on am wite, wuna unlustum, singge syllice; seldum œfre

his leoma licgga. Longa hine hearde, ynce him œt sie ria XXX usend wintra œr he domdœges dynn gehyre. Nyste hine on œre foldan fira œnig eoran cynnes, œron ic hine ana onfand

and hine a gebendan het ofer brad wœter, œt hine se modega heht Melotes bearn, Filistina fruma, fœste gebindan,

lonnum belucan wi leodgryre. one fugel hata feorbuende,

Filistina fruman, uasa mortis." Saturnus cw«:

"Ac hw«t is «t wundor e geond as worold f«re, styrnenga g«, staolas beate, awece wopdropan, winne oft hider?

Ne m«g hit steorra ne stan ne se steapa gimm, w«ter ne wildeor wihte beswican, ac him on hand g« heardes and hnesces, micles and m«tes; him to mose sceall gegangan geara gehwelce grundbuendra, lyftfleogendra, laguswemmendra, ria reoteno usendgerimes." Salomon cu«:

"Yldo beo on eoran «ghw«s cr«ftig; mid hiendre hildewr«sne, rumre racenteage, r«ce wide, langre linan, lisse eall «t heo wile. Beam heo abreote and bebrice telgum, astyre standendne stefn on sie, afille hine on foldan; frite «fter am wildne fugol. Heo oferwige wulf, hio oferbide stanas, heo oferstige style, hio abite iren mid ome, de usic swa." Saturnus cw«:

"Ac forhwon fealle se snaw, foldan behyde, bewrih wyrta ci, w«stmas getige, gey hie and gereata, «t hie rage beo cealde geclungne? Full oft he gecosta eac wildeora worn, w«tum he oferbricge, gebryce burga geat, baldlice fere, reafa"

"swior micle onne se swipra ni se hine gel«de on a laan wic mid a fr«cnan feonde to willan."

Saturnus cwœ:

"Nieht bi wedera iestrost, ned bi wyrda heardost, sorg bi swarost byren, slœp bi deae gelicost." Salomon cwœ:

"Lytle hwile leaf beo grene; onne hie eft fealewia, fealla on eoran and forweornia, weora to duste. Swa onne gefealla a e fyrena œr lange lœsta, lifia him in mane, hyda heahgestreon, healda georne on fœstenne feondum to willan, and wena wanhogan œt hie wille wuldorcining, œlmihtig god, ece gehiran." Saturnus cwœ:

"Sona bi gesiene, sian flowan mot y ofer eall lond, ne wile heo awa œs sies geswican, sioan hire se sœl cyme, œt heo domes dœges dyn gehiere." Salomon cwœ:

"Wa bi onne issum modgum monnum, am e her nu mid mane lengest lifia on isse lœnan gesceafte. Ieo œt ine leode gecydon;

wunnon hie wi dryhtnes miehtum, foron hie œt worc ne gedegdon. Ne sceall ic e hwœre, broor, abelgan; u eart swie bittres cynnes, eorre eormenstrynde. Ne beyrn u in a inwitgecyndo!" Saturnus cwœ:

"Saga u me, Salomon cyning, sunu Dauides, hwœt beo a feowere fœgœs rapas?"

"Gewurdene wyrda,

Saturnus cwœ:

"Ac hwa deme onne dryhtne Criste on domes dœge, onne he deme eallum gesceaftum?"

"Hwa dear onne dryhtne deman, e us of duste geworhte, nergend of niehtes wunde? Ac sœge me hwœt nœrende wœron."

Saturnus cwœ:

"Ac forhwon ne mot seo sunne side gesceafte scire geondscinan? Forhwam besceade heo muntas and moras and monige ec weste stowa? Hu geweore œt?"

"Ac forhwam nœron eorwelan ealle gedœled leodum gelice? Sum to lyt hafa, godes grœdig; hine god sete urh geearnunga eadgum to rœste."

Saturnus cwœ:

"Ac forhwan beo a gesias somod œtgœdre, wop and hleahtor? Full oft hie weorgeornra sœla toslita; hu gesœle œt?" Salomon cuœ:

"Unlœde bi and ormod se e a wile geomrian on gihe; se bi gode fracoast." Saturnus cwœ:

"Forhwon ne moton we onne ealle mid onmedlan gegnum gangan in godes rice?"

"Ne mœg fyres feng ne forstes cile, snaw ne sunne somod eardian, aldor geœfnan, ac hira sceal anra gehwylc onlutan and onliigan e hafa lœsse mœgn."

Saturnus cwœ:

"Ac forhwon onne leofa se wyrsa leng? Se wyrsa ne wat in woroldrice on his mœgwinum maran are." Salomon cwœ:

"Ne mœg mon forildan œnige hwile one deoran si, ac he hine adreogan sceall." Saturnus cwœ:

"Ac hu gegange œt? Gode oe yfle, onne hie beo urh ane idese acende,

twegen getwinnas, ne bi hira tir gelic. Oer bi unl«de on eoran, oer bi eadig, swie leoft«le mid leoda duguum; oer leofa lytle hwile, swice on isse sidan gesceafte, and onne eft mid sorgum gewite.

Fricge ic ec, hlaford Salomon, hw«res bi hira folgo betra?" Salomon cu«:

"Modor ne r«de, onne heo magan cenne, hu him weore geond worold widsi sceapen. Oft heo to bealwe bearn afede, seolfre to sorge, sian dreoge his earfou orlegstunde.

Heo «s afran sceall oft and gelome grimme greotan, onne he geong f«re, hafa wilde mod, werige heortan, sefan sorgfullne, slide geneahhe, werig, wilna leas, wuldres bed«led, hwilum higegeomor healle wearda, leofa leodum feor; loca geneahhe fram am unl«dan agen hlaford.

Foran nah seo modor geweald, onne heo magan cenne, bearnes bl«des, ac sceall on gebyrd faran an «fter anum; «t is eald gesceaft." Saturnus cw«:

"Ac forhwan nele monn him on giogoe georne gewyrcan deores dryhtscipes and d«dfruman, wadan on wisdom, winnan «fter snytro?" Salomon cw«:

"Hw«t! Him m«g eadig eorl eae geceosan on his modsefan mildne hlaford, anne «eling. Ne m«g don unl«de swa." Saturnus cw«:

"Ac forhwam winne is w«ter geond woroldrice, dreoge deop gesceaft? Ne mot on d«g restan, neahtes ney, cr«fte ty, cristna and cl«nsa cwicra manigo,

wuldre gewlitiga. Ic wihte ne cann forhwan se stream ne mot stillan neahtes." "his lifes f«me. Simle hit bi his lareowum hyrsum; full oft hit eac «s deofles dugo gehn«ge,

«r weotena bi worn gesamnod. onne snottrum men sn«d oglide, a he be leohte gesih, lute «fter, gesegna and gesyfle and him sylf frite. Swilc bi seo an sn«d «ghwylcum men selre micle, gif heo gesegnod bi, to ycgganne, gif he hit geencan cann, onne him sie seofon daga symbelgereordu. Leoht hafa heow and had haliges gastes, Cristes gecyndo; hit «t gecye full oft.

Gif hit unwitan «nige hwile healda butan h«ftum, hit urh hrof w«de, bryce and b«rne boldgetimbru, seoma steap and geap, stige on lenge, clymme on gecyndo, cunna hw«nne mote fyr on his frumsceaft on f«der geardas, eft to his ele, anon hit «ror cuom. Hit bi eallenga eorl to gesihe, am e ged«lan can dryhtnes ecelan, foron nis n«negu gecynd cuiclifigende, ne fugel ne fisc ne foldan stan, ne w«teres wylm ne wudutelga, ne munt ne mor ne es middangeard, «t he for ne sie fyrenes cynnes." Saturnus cw«:

"Full oft ic frode menn fyrn gehyrde secggan and swerian ymb sume wisan, hw«er w«re twegra butan tweon strengra, wyrd e warnung, onne hie winna oft mid hira reamedlan, hw«erne areote «r.

Ic to soon wat; s«gdon me geara Filistina witan, onne we on geflitum s«ton, bocum tobr«ddon and on bearm legdon, meelcwidas mengdon, moniges fengon, «t n«re n«nig manna middangeardes

«t meahte ara twega tuion aspyrian." Salomon cw«:

"Wyrd bi wended hearde, wealle swie geneahhe; heo wop wece, heo wean hlade, heo gast scy, heo ger byre,

and hw«re him m«g wissefa wyrda gehwylce gemetigian, gif he bi modes gleaw and to his freondum wile fultum secan, eh hw«re godcundes g«stes brucan." Saturnus cw«:

"Ac hw«t wite us wyrd seo swie, eallra fyrena fruma, f«ho modor, weana wyrtwela, wopes heafod, frumscylda gehw«s f«der and modor, deaes dohtor? Ac tohwan drohta heo mid us?

Hw«t! Hie wile lifigende late areotan, «t heo urh fyrena geflitu f«ho ne tydre." Salomon cw«:

"Nolde g«d geador in godes rice eadiges engles and «s ofermodan;

oer his dryhtne hierde, oer him ongan wyrcan urh dierne cr«ftas segn and side byrnan, cw« «t he mid his gesium wolde hian eall heofona rice and him onne on healfum sittan, tydran him mid y teoan d«le, o«t he his tornes ne cue ende urh insceafte. a wear se «elra eoden

gedrefed urh «s deofles gehygdo; forlet hine a of dune gehreosan, afielde hine a under foldan sceatas, heht hine «r f«ste gebindan. «t sindon a usic feohta on.

Foron is witena gehwam wopes eaca.

a «t eadig onfand engla dryhten,

«t heo leng mid hine lare ne namon, aweorp hine a of am wuldre and wide todraf, and him bebead bearn heofonwara

«t hie ec scoldon a enden hie lifdon wunian in wylme, wop rowian, heaf under hefonum, and him helle gescop, w«lcealde wic wintre beeahte, w«ter in sende and wyrmgeardas, atol deor monig irenum hornum, blodige earnas and blace n«dran, urst and hungor and earle gewin, egna egesan, unrotnesse; and «ghwylc him issa earfea ece stonde butan edwende a enden hie lifiga." Saturnus cw«:

"Is onne on isse foldan fira «nig eoran cynnes, ara e man age, e dea ab«de, «r se d«g cyme «t sie his calendcwide arunnen and hine mon annunga ut abanne?"

"«ghwylcum men engel onsende dryhten heofona onne d«g styre;

se sceall behealdan hu his hyge wille;

gradig growan in godes willan, murnan metodes rym, mid y e hit d«g bi. onne hine ymbeganga gastas twegen; oer bi golde gl«dra, oer bi grundum sweartra, oer cyme ofer «re stylenan helle;

oer hine l«re «t he lufan healde, metodes miltse, and his m«ga r«d, oer hine tyhte and on t«so l«re, ywe him and yppe earmra manna misgemynda, and urh «t his mod hwete, l«de hine and l«ce and hine geond land spane, o«t his ege bi, «fancum full, urh earmra scyld yrre geworden.

Swa onne feohte se feond on feower gecynd, o«t he gewende on a wyrsan hand

deofles d«dum d«glongne fyrst, and «s willan wyrc e hine on woh spane.

Gewite onne wepende on weg faran engel to his earde and «t eall saga:

'Ne meahte ic of «re heortan heardne aringan

stylenne stan; stica him tomiddes'"

The Mologium

Verse Indeterminate Saxon

Crist w«s acennyd, cyninga wuldor, on midne winter, m«re peoden, ece «lmihtig, on py eahteoan d«g H«lend gehaten, heofonrices weard.

Swa pa sylfan tiid side herigeas, folc unm«te, habba foreweard gear, for py se kalend us cyme gepincged on pam ylcan d«ge us to tune, forma mona; hine folc mycel

Ianuarius gerum heton.

And p«s embe fif niht p«tte fulwihttiid eces drihtnes to us cyme, p«ne twelfta d«g tireadige, h«le heaurofe, hata on Brytene,

in foldan her. Swylce emb feower wucan p«tte Solmona sige to tune butan twam nihtum, swa hit getealdon geo,

Februarius f«r, frode gesipas, ealde «gleawe. And p«s embe ane niht

p«t we Marian m«ssan healda, cyninges modor, forpan heo Crist on pam d«ge, bearn wealdendes, brohte to temple.

«nne p«s emb fif niht p«t afered by winter of wicum, and se wigend pa

«fter seofentynum swylt prowade nihtgerimes, nergendes pegen, Mathias m«re, mine gefr«ge, p«s pe lencten on tun geliden h«fde, werum to wicum. Swylce eac is wide cu ymb III and twa peodum gewelhw«r his cyme kalend ceorlum and eorlum (butan p«nne bises geboden weore feoran geare; p«nne he furor cyme ufor anre niht us to tune), hrime gehyrsted hagolscurum f«r geond middangeard Martius ree, Hlyda healic. «nne se halga p«s emb XI niht «pele scynde Gregorius in godes w«re, breme in Brytene. Swylce Benedictus embe nigon niht p«s nergend sohte, heard and higestrang, p«ne heria wel in gewritum wise, wealdendes peow rincas regolf«ste. Swylce eac rimcr«ftige on pa ylcan tiid emniht healda, foran wealdend god worhte «t fryme on py sylfan d«ge sunnan and monan. Hw«t, ymb feower niht f«der onsende, p«s pe emnihte eorlas healda, heahengel his, se h«lo abead Marian mycle, p«t heo meotod sceolde cennan, kyninga betst, swa hit gecyed wear geond middangeard; w«s p«t m«re wyrd, folcum gefr«ge! Swylce emb feower and preo nihtgerimes, p«tte nergend sent Aprelis mona, on pam oftust cym seo m«re tiid mannum to frofre, drihtnes «rist; p«nne dream gerist wel wide gehw«r, swa se witega sang:

wisf«st worhte, wera cneorissum, eallum eorwarum eadigum to blisse." Ne magon we pa tide be getale healdan dagena rimes, ne drihtnes stige on heofenas up, forpan pe hwearfa aa wisra gewyrdum, ac sceal wintrum frod on circule cr«fte findan halige dagas. Sculan we hw«ere gyt martira gemynd ma areccan, wrecan wordum for, wisse gesingan, p«t embe nihgontyne niht and fifum, p«s pe Eastermona to us cyme, p«t man reliquias r«ran onginne, halige gehyrste; p«t is healic d«g, bentiid bremu. Swylce in burh rape embe siex niht smicere on gearwum, wudum and wyrtum cyme wlitig scrian prymilce on tun, pearfe bringe Maius micle geond menigeo gehw«r.

Swa pi ylcan d«ge «pele geferan, Philippus and Iacob, feorh agefan, modige magopegnas for meotudes lufan. And p«s embe twa niht p«tte t«hte god Elenan eadigre «pelust beama, on pam prowode peoden engla for manna lufan, meotud on galgan be f«der leafe. Swylce ymb fyrst wucan butan anre niht p«tte yldum bring sigelbeorhte dagas sumor to tune, wearme gewyderu. p«nne wangas hrae blostmum blowa, swylce blis astih geond middangeard manigra hada cwicera cynna, cyninge lof secga m«nifealdlice, m«rne brema,

«lmihtigne. p«s emb eahta and nigon dogera rimes p«tte drihten nam in oer leoht Agustinus, bline on breostum, p«s pe he on Brytene her eamode him eorlas funde

to godes willan, swa him se gleawa bebead Gregorius. Ne hyrde ic guman a fyrn «nigne «r «fre bringan ofer sealtne mere selran lare, bisceop bremran. Nu on Brytene rest

on Cantwarum cynestole neah, mynstre m«rum. p«nne mona bring ymb twa and feower tiida lange «rra Lia us to tune, Iunius on geard, on pam gim astih

on heofenas up hyhst on geare, tungla torhtust, and of tille agrynt, to sete sige. Wyle syan leng grund behealdan and gangan lator ofer foldan wang f«gerust leohta,

woruldgesceafta. p«nne wuldres pegn ymb preotyne, peodnes dyrling, Iohannes in geardagan wear acenned, tyn nihtum eac; we pa tiid healda on midne sumor mycles on «pelum.

Wide is geweorod, swa p«t wel gerist, haligra tid geond h«lea bearn, Petrus and Paulus. Hw«t, pa apostolas, peodenholde, prowedon on Rome ofer midne sumor, miccle gewisse,

furor fif nihtum, folcbealo prealic, m«rne martyrdom; h«fdon m«nige «r wundra geworhte geond w«rpeoda, swylce hi «fter pam unrim fremedon swutelra and gesynra purh sunu meotudes,

ealdorpegnas. p«nne «dre cym emb twa niht p«s tidlice us Iulius mona, on pam Iacobus

ymb feower niht feorh gesealde ond twentigum, trum in breostum, frod and f«str«d folca lareow, Zebedes afera. And p«s symle scrip ymb seofon niht p«s sumere gebrihted Weodmona on tun, welhw^r bringe Agustus yrmenpeodum hlafm«ssan d«g. Swa p«s h«rfest cym ymbe oer swylc butan anre wanan, wlitig, w«stmum hladen; wela by geywed f«gere on foldan. p«nne for gewat ymb preo niht p«s peodne getrywe purh martyrdom, m«re diacon, Laurentius, h«f nu lif wipan mid wuldorf«der weorca to leane. Swylce p«s ymb fif niht f«gerust m«ga, wifa wuldor, sohte weroda god for suna sibbe, sigef«stne ham on neorxnawange; h«fde nergend pa f«gere fostorlean f«mnan forgolden ece to ealdre. p«nne ealling by ymb tyn niht p«s tiid geweorad

Bartholomeus in Brytene her, wyrd welpungen. Swylce eac wide by eorlum geypped «pelinges dea ymb feower niht, se pe f«gere iu mid w«tere oferwearp wuldres cynebearn, wiga weorlice. Be him wealdend cw« p«t nan m«rra man geond middangeard betux wife and were wurde acenned. Ond p«s ymbe preo niht geond peoda feala p«tte Haligmon, helepum gepinged, fere to folce, swa hit foregleawe, ealde upwitan, «ror fundan, Septembres f«r, and py seofopan d«g p«t acenned wear cwena selost, drihtnes modor. p«nne dagena worn

ymbe preotyne pegn unforcu, godspelles gleaw, gast onsende Matheus his to metodsceafte, in ecne gefean. p«nne ealling cym ymb preo niht p«s peodum wide

emnihtes d«g, ylda bearnum. Hw«t, we weoria wide geond eoran heahengles tiid on h«rfeste, Michaheles, swa p«t menigo wat, fif nihtum ufor p«s pe folcum by,

eorlum geywed emnihtes d«g. And p«s embe twa niht p«t se teoa mon on folc fere, frode gepeahte, October on tun us to genihte, Winterfylle, swa hine wide ciga

igbuende Engle and Seaxe, weras mid wifum. Swylce wigena tiid ymb twentig p«s twegra healda and seofon nihtum samod «tg«dere on anne d«g. We pa «pelingas

fyrn gefrunan p«t hy forem«re, Simon and Iudas, symble w«ron, drihtne dyre; forpon hi dom hlutan, eadigne upweg. And p«s ofstum bring embe feower niht, folce genihtsum,

Blotmona on tun, beornum to wiste, Nouembris, nia bearnum eadignesse, swa nan oer na de mona maran miltse drihtnes. And py ylcan d«ge ealra we healda

sancta symbel para pe si oe «r worhtan in worulde willan drihtnes. Syppan wintres d«g wide gange on syx nihtum, sigelbeortne genim h«rfest mid herige hrimes and snawes,

forste gefeterad, be frean h«se, p«t us wunian ne moton wangas grene, foldan fr«tuwe. p«s ymb feower niht p«tte Martinus m«re geleorde, wer womma leas wealdend sohte, upengla weard. p«nne embe eahta niht and feowerum p«tte fan gode besenctun on s«grund sigef«stne wer, on brime haran, pe iu beorna fela Clementes oft clypia to pearfe.

And p«s embe seofon niht, sigedrihtne leof,

«pele Andreas up on roderum his gast ageaf on godes w«re, fus on forweg. p«nne folcum bring morgen to mannum mona to tune,

Decembris drihta bearnum, «rra Iula. Swylce emb eahta and twelf nihtgerimes p«tte nergend sylf pristhydigum Thomase forgeaf wi earfeum ece rice, bealdum beornwigan bletsunga his. p«nne emb feower niht p«tte f«der engla his sunu sende on pas sidan gesceaft folcum to frofre. Nu ge findan magon haligra tiida pe man healdan sceal, swa bebuge gebod geond Brytenricu Sexna kyninges on pas sylfan tiid.

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