Further reading

Andreas Capellanus. The Art of Courtly Love. Translated by John Jay Parry. New York: Columbia University Press, 1960.

Ferrante, Joan M., George D. Economou, and Frederick Goldin, eds. In Pursuit of Perfection: Courtly Love in Medieval Literature. Port Washington, N.Y.: Kennikat Press, 1975.

Paris, Gaston. "Etudes sur les romans de la Table Ronde:

Lancelot du Lac." Romania 12 (1883): 459-534. Porter, Pamela. Courtly Love in Medieval Manuscripts. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003.

K. Sarah-Jane Murray, Hannah zdansky, and Michelle M. Sauer

CROWLEY, ROBERT (ca. 1518-ca. 1588)

Robert Crowley was probably born in Tetbury, Gloucestershire. He entered Magdalen College, Oxford, in 1534, received his BA in 1540, and became a fellow of the college in 1542. Crowley most likely converted to Protestantism while at Oxford. Leaving Magdalen in 1544, he returned to Gloucestershire and became a tutor. Two years later, he moved to London and began publishing political poems and pamphlets. Among many others, he penned a response to the burning of Anne Askew, the Protestant martyr. Crowley spent most of 1549 translating and composing The Psalter of David, becoming the first to translate the entire Book of Psalms into English. In 1550, he edited three editions of William Langland's The Vision of Piers Plowman. He temporarily fled England when Mary I took the throne, but returned to become vicar of St. Giles Cripplegate. Crowley died on June 18, 1588.

See also "Ballad Which Askew Made and Sang When in Newgate, A"; "Of Unsaciable Purchasers."

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