Brown, Carleton, ed. Religious Lyrics of the 15th Century.
Oxford: Clarendon, 1939. Manning, Stephen. "I Syng of a Myden." PMLA 75 (1960):
Kathryn C. Wymer
ITALIAN (PETRARCHAN) SONNET Considered the traditional sonnet (14-line poem) form, the Italian, or Petrarchan, sonnet arises from the Italian literary tradition but was popularized in the 14th century by Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca), thus giving rise to its distinctive name. The form usually consists of an octave and a SESTET. The octave, or octet, presents a narrative, a proposition, or a question, while the sestet provides the conclusion, response, or answer. The rhyme scheme of the octave is typically abbaabba. The sestet is generally more flexible, following one of three rhyme schemes: cdecde, cdcdcd, or cdedce. of course, some sonnets utilize other variants.
Sir Thomas Wyatt and Henry Howard, earl of Surrey are credited with introducing Italian sonnets to England through translations of Petrarch's works. The adaptation into a sonnet sequence was popularized by Sir Philip Sidney's Astrophil and Stella, which was composed mostly of Italian-form sonnets.
See also English sonnet.
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