Further reading

Go, Kenji. "Unemending the Emendation of 'Still' in Shakespeare's Sonnet 106." Studies in Philology 98, no. 1 (2001): 114-142.

Catherine Loomis

Shakespeare's sonnets: Sonnet 109 ("O, never say that I was false of heart") William Shakespeare (1599) Sonnet 109 commences a number of sonnets that use travel as a reason for the poet's waning attention to his patron. The first quatrain emphasizes that he is not being unfaithful or indifferent, though it may seem that the flame of his interest has diminished (l. 2). Indeed, he points out that his very soul resides in his friend's heart. The poet further proclaims, in the second quatrain, that even if he travels (seeks other sources of patronage), he returns with all his fervor for his patron intact. At the same time, the poet seems to take offense at the implication that he is being disloyal to his addressee, and in the third quatrain, he points out that he would never "leave for nothing all thy sum of good" (l. 12). The final couplet summarizes the speaker's sentiments by complimenting the friend (likening him to a rose) and declaring that the speaker's entire universe is found in his friend. As the sonnets progress, it seems that the speaker has begun to distance himself from his patron, and the closeness detailed in earlier poems seems to be diminishing as time and interest alter for the speaker.

See also Shakespeare, William; Shakespeare's sonnets (overview).

Joseph E. Becker

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