Further reading

May, Steven W. Sir Walter Raleigh. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1989.

Catherine Ann Perkins

AUBADE The aubade branched out from the alba (lament of lovers parting at dawn) tradition. Though the terms are sometimes used interchangeably, the aubade developed into a broader category of dawn or morning poems, including poems designed to greet the dawn, celebrate the dawn, or simply express a morning-time love. The aubade has no standard verse format. Geoffrey Chaucer's Troi-lus and Criseyde contains several aubades—for example: "And day they gonnen to despise al newe, / Callyng it traitour, enuyous, and worse" (T&C, 3.1699-1700).

Carol E. Harding

AUREATION From the Latin aureus for "gold," aureation is the practice of making language "golden" through the use of elaborate vocabulary and intricate syntax, the result of which is a grandiloquent and ornate poetic diction. Some of the English poets of the 15th century, particularly John Lydgate and Stephen Hawes (fl. 1502-1521), and many of the Scottish Chaucerians, including Robert Henryson, William Dunbar, and Gavin Douglas, favored aureate diction and wrote using ornamental language full of vernacular coinages of Latin words.

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