Further reading

Ebin, L. A. "John Barbour's Bruce: Poetry, History and Propaganda." Studies in Scottish Literature 9 (1971-72): 218-242.

Goldstein, R. J. The Matter of Scotland. Lincoln and London:

University of Nebraska Press, 1993. Kliman, B. W. "The Idea of Chivalry in Barbour's Bruce." Studies in Scottish Literature 35 (1973): 477-508.

Sergi Mainer

BRUSSELS CROSS (11th century) A reliquary (relic case) now housed in the Cathedral of Sts. Michael and Gudule in Brussels, Belgium, the badly damaged wooden cross, once covered in silver and jewels, bears an inscription, in Futhark runes, resem bling lines from The Dream of the Rood, a dream vision written in the West Saxon dialect of old English.

The craftsman Drahmal (whose name is carved in the plate) constructed the cross in England, probably in the early 11th century. Besides the poem, the cross features a dedication: "To ^lfric from his brothers, ^thelm®r and ^thelwold." Numerous attempts to identify the three brothers have proved unsuccessful, and the cross remains something of a mystery.

See also Ruthwell cross.

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