M n m a m m m m m m p

Koo (ays that 'the dlscunion of tlie four tone* arose on thé left of the KSang;' »•«., during the time of the various dyniutio», which had their capital in the ancient Kin-ling, thence called Nanking, or the southern capital, during the greater portion of the fith and 6th comurie». I have translated the rest of the passage according to the sense of it, without attempting to nuikoa literal version.

rmoLBOOMMA.] ANCIENT PRONUNCIATION AND RHYMES. [os.li.

differences of pronunciation.' Both admit that the tonal system was not completed before our fifth century; and both agree that the tones of characters were liable to change. The difference of opinion between them lies more in words than in things. I concur with Twan in accepting the existence of three tones during the Chow dynasty; and it will be found that the rhymes of the odes, as given at the end of each piece, have more than a sufficient amount of verisimilitude and consistency.

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