Personified And Olympian Deities

Webster's classification omits the category of divine personifications who are subordinated to the Olympian deities. The worship of deities whose names also denote abstract concepts can be traced back to the Archaic period, a stage at which they did not necessarily have any connection with the Olympian gods.20 This, however, seems to have become the rule later on. Olympian deities are usually assigned a certain sphere in which they perform different functions and thus influence human life....

Epic and early lyric poetry

When modern scholars speak of Eros, they often refer neither to the love-god nor to the non-personified meanings of the term spwq, but to the phenomenon of Greek love more generally.41 Whereas aspects of cult have been frequently discussed in recent scholarship, the examination of the original, literal meanings of spwq has been a matter of less interest.42 Certain ideas and expressions denoting the effects of desire occur in the Homeric and Hesiodic poems and are common in the Homeric Hymns as...

Hesiod And The Cosmological Tradition

As presented in the Theogony, Eros' activity is closely related to the sphere of mortals and anthropomorphic gods, but his role and function are those of a primeval element among two other, non-anthropomorphic principles Chaos and Gaia. In order to resolve this ambiguity, which is also reflected in the god's second appearance as Aphrodite's companion (Theog. 201f.), scholars suggested that there were originally two different traditions of the god which Hesiod has combined Eros the cosmic...

Evidence For Eros As A Cult Figure In The Archaic and classical period

Modern scholars have found evidence for cults of Eros throughout Greece, the most famous being that at Thespiae in Boeotia.3 Although it has been conceded that official worship was rare, Eros is generally thought to have been established as a cult deity in very early times. The main source for the scholars' argument, Pausanias' Description of Greece (9,27,1), however, is comparatively late (2nd century AD) and inconsistent with the only two ancient literary testimonies which make reference to...