Clark, Constance. Introduction to Poems on Several Occasions by Sarah Fyge Egerton. 1703. Facsimile, Delmar, N.Y.: Scholars' Facsimiles & Reprints, 1987. Egerton, Sarah Fyge. The Female advocate, or, An ansvver to a late satyr against the pride, lust and inconstancy, &c. of woman / written by a lady in vindication of her sex. London: Printed by H. C. for John Taylor . . . , 1686. Manley, Delariviere. Secret Memoirs and Manners of Several Persons of Quality, of Both Sexes, from the New Atalantis, an Island in the Mediterranean. Edited by Rosalind Ballaster. New York: New York University Press, 1992.
ELEGY An elegy is a poem written specifically in remembrance of the dead. In the 17th and 18th centuries, families of the bereaved might hire poets to compose elegies. In many instances the poets did not personally know the individual who had died, and they used traditional formats and phrases, as seen in William Cartwright's "On a Virtuous Young Woman That Died Suddenly." Poets also composed elegies either in admiration of a model or in praise of their own family member or friend. They could be brief with no hidden agenda, such as John Dryden's "To the Pious Memory of the Accomplish'd Young Lady Mrs. Anne Killigrew" and Thomas Carew's "Elegy upon the Death of the Dean of Paul's, Dr. John Donne." They might also be lengthy and formal, such as John Milton's LYCIDAS, in which Milton adopts the pastoral allegory to mourn the drowning of his friend and crit icizes the clergy. Touchingly personal elegies include Ben Jonson's "On My First Son" and "On My First Daughter," and Katherine Philips's "On the Death of My First and Dearest Child, Hector Philips." Thomas Gray adopted a mournful tone in his "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard," in which he considers human potential, the duties of the state, and mortality in general. Poets may also adopt the form for satiric reasons, as does Jonathan Swift, who imagines his own death in "Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift."
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