Bibliography

The Historical Importance of Assonance to Poets', PMLA 88 (1973) 8-18. Gl ck, J.J. 'Assonance in Ancient Hebrew Poetry', Selms FS, 69-84. Kinnier Wilson, J.V. 'Desonance in Akkadian', JSS 13 (1968) 93-103. Saydon, P.P. 'Assonance in Hebrew as a means of Expressing Emphasis', Bib 39 (1955) 36-50.287-384. Westhuizen,J.P. van der 'Assonance in Biblical and Babylonian Hymns of Praise', Semitics 7 (1980) 81-101. Also Kinnier Wilson, Iraq 18 (1956) 146 ZA 54 (1961) 74-77 Alonso Sch kel,...

Info

Double ballast variant, 343-344,345 double-duty see ellipsis, double-duty k, 257 double-duty modifier, 214,214n.34 double-duty nouns, 304 double-duty particles, 304 double-duty prepositions, 304 double-duty pronouns, 304 double-duty suffixes, 304 double-duty verbs, 304 double entendre, 241, 244 double meaning, 241, 242n.81 doublets, 44 drama, 83n.68 dramatic effect, 279, 341 East Semitic, 175, 370n.31,n.32 Ebla, 384n.l Ebla (Tell Mardikh), 78 Ebla Tablets, 370n.31 echo alliteration, 227n.l7...

Short Titles Of Frequently Mentioned Works

Alonso Sch kel, Estudios Andersen-Freedman, Hosea B hlmann-Scherer, Stilfiguren Cassuto, Anath Collins, Line-forms Culler, Poetics Culley, Oral-Formulaic Dahood, Psalms I, II, III Driver, Writing Dubois, Dictionnaire Elkhadem, Dictionary Fowler, Essays Geller, Parallelism Gevirtz, Patterns Gray, Forms Gray, Legacy H ublein, Stanza Hecker, Epik Irwin, Isaiah 28-33 Nowottny, Language O'Connor, Structure Pope, Job Pope, Song Riffaterre, Semiotics Sebeok, Style Seux, Hymnes Estudios de po tica...

Poetry Monocolon

Real and Apparent Tricola in Hebrew Psalm Poetry (Oslo, 1957) a rather negative work but the only book specifically on the topic. Willis, J.T. The Juxtaposition of Synonymous and Chiastic Parallelism in Tricola in Old Testament Hebrew Psalm Poetry', VT 29 (1979) 465480. Also Gray, Legacy, 295-296 for Ugaritic examples Gordon, UT, 132-133 Hecker, Epik, 115-137 Revell, VT 31 (1981) 186-189. The quatrain is a four-line strophe forming an independent unit within a stanza or poem. It...

Secondary Techniques

The selection of techniques discussed in this chapter derives from the primary techniques of poetry treated so far. They are therefore termed secondary. In certain cases, however, it is not crystal clear which technique (or device) came first, a good example being the list or catalogue. For convenience of presentation it seems preferable to consider them here as part of a mixed group. The two main categories into which such techniques fall are those of expansion and of inversion the list can be...

M V

2d Once there were two women, daughters of a single mother. 3a They fornicated in Egypt b in their youth they fornicated. 2d Once there were two women, daughters of a single mother. 3a They fornicated in Egypt b in their youth they fornicated. c There, others fondled their breasts, d and there others pressed their virginal bosoms. 4a And their names Oholah, the elder b and Oholibah, her sister. c They became mine d they bore sons and daughters. e And their names Oholah is Samaria, f and...

Permsm In Poetry

Airoldi, N. 'Esodo 22,28a Esplicitazione ritardata', Bib 54 (1973) 63-64. Boadt, L. Ezekiel's Oracles against Egypt. A Literary and Philological Study of Ezekiel 29-32 (Rome, 1980), 60-61. A rhetorical question is basically the posing of a question which requires no answer since either the speaker or the listener (or even both of them) already knows the answer. In practice, a reply is often given in poetic texts. The prophecy of Joel begins (Joel 1,2) n n per msm hear me all you living in the...

Itnp NDa iv nvr en1

All you peoples, clap hands, 2 shout to God with joyful voice, For Yahweh is awesome Elyon, 3 a great king over all the earth. under us, and folk under our feet He chose for himself 5 On high went God to a shout, 6 Yahweh to a trumpet call. Sing to our king, sing, For he is king of all the earth 8 Gods sing a master song. for Abraham's god, for to God belong earth's presents, as a huge offering. 34. Approximately 10th century BC a cognate to i*ar occurs together with gpn, 'vine', in the...

Dj D1j01

5a is a monocolon introducing a change of topic. Strictly speaking 5bc is a single line in parallel with 5de They are dismayed and have turned backwards. Their warriors are beaten down and have fled hastily. However, the dominant two-beat rhythm argues for the strophic arrangement adopted. In fact the four cola describe a sequence of events fear retreat defeat flight. It is difficult to determine whether 5 belongs to the foregoing or forms a (structural) bicolon 56. Not 'Mount, O horsemen' or...

Index Of Subjects

A a' a' '3-synonym' monocolon, 172 a ab pattern, 345 a-bc a-cb, 203 a be b'c' a' , 203 ab b'a', 203 ab-c b'a'-c, 203, 204 ab-c c'-a'b', 203 ab-cd c'd'-a'b', 203 aba' chiastic line, 142 aba' chiastic monocolon, 172 aba monocolon, 150,215,216,363, 367 abc 'standard' monocolon, 172 abc a'b'c', 119n.l3 abc b'c' couplet, 174, 372 abc b'c' pattern, 362 abc c'b', 203 abc c'b' couplet, 176 a,b,c, c,b,a, 201 abc c'b'a', 203 abc c'b'a' pattern, 43 A colon cola, 136 A-word, 129, 134, 136 A A, 132, 133 A...

L

And there should be no confusion with either staircase parallelism13 or the pivot-patterned couplet. The similarity with staircase parallelism lies in the common element both expand one line of poetry into two, and their functions overlap slightly. Further, in Ugaritic, they tend to occur together. The terrace pattern is well attested in both Ugaritic and Akkadian, as the examples given below will show. The pattern is known, too, to later poetry.14 Its artificiality can be demonstrated by...

A

Also, Tsumura, Proceedings 8th World Congress of Jewish Studies (Jerusalem, 1982) 1-6. 2. From position lines used to head or close a stanza may well be monocola (see diagram under 'Structural aspects of the monocolon'). 3. From recurrence single cola appearing more than once within a segment of poetry are probably monocola, and may well be refrains. Unintended single lines must not be confused with the presence of deliberately chosen monocola. Such isolated lines are...

Imitating Hebrew Poetry

Bolinger, D.L. 'Rime, assonance and morpheme analysis', Word 6 (1950) 117-36. Luelsdorff, P.A. 'Repetition and Rime in Generative Phonology', Ling 44 (1968) 75-89. Ryder, F.G. 'How Rhymed is a Poem ', Word 19 (1963) 310-23. Also PEPP 705-10, with bibliography, 709-10. Burney, C.F. 'Rhyme in the Song of Songs', JTS 10 (1908-09) 584-89. Grimme, H. 'Durchgereimte Gedichte im AT', BSt 6 (1901) 39-56. Prijs, L. 'Der Ursprung des Reimes in Neuhebr ischen', BZ 1 (1963) 33-42. Schmalzl, P. 'Der Reim im...

Wilfred Ge Watson

Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Supplement Series 26 Published by JSOT Press Department of Biblical Studies The University of Sheffield Sheffield S10 2TN England Printed in Great Britain by Redwood Burn Ltd., Trowbridge, Wiltshire. British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data Classical Hebrew poetry a guide to its techniques. 2nd ed. (Journal for the study of the Old Testament supplement series, 1. Hebrew poetry History and criticism ISBN 0-905774-57-4 ISBN 1-85075-048-3 Pbk Short...

Bibliographical Compiliation Of Prose And Poetry In The Old Testament

The only work directly on this topic is a 1966 doctoral thesis Robertson, D.A. Linguistic Evidence in Dating Early Hebrew Poetry (SBL Dissertation Series 3, Missoula, 1972). For a different approach see Watson, W.G.E. 'Trends in the Development of Classical Hebrew Poetry A Comparative Study', UF 14 (1982) in press . Also Becking, B. 'Bee's Dating Formula and the Book of Nahum', JSOT18 (1980) 100-104. Bee, R.E. 'Dating the Book of Nahum A Response to the Article by Bob Becking', JSOT 18 (1980)...

Writing Parallelism In Hebrew

Staircase parallelism occurs comparatively often in Ugaritic verse, and some forty to fifty examples have been identified in Hebrew. 102. The term 'staircase parallelism' has been adopted here, following Greenstein and Cohen. Other designations are 'climactic parallelism', 'repetitive parallelism' used by Albright and others. Loewenstamm coined the expression 'expanded colon', but this is to be rejected both for its unwanted medical overtones and for its vagueness. Another possible designation...

Write In Ancient Hebrew Poetry

Llabc is a structural tricolon (perhaps forming a strophic unit with llde). The rootplay between rt> v and il (etymologically unrelated) 62. ftp may either be the late Hebrew word for 'a shouter, crier', or simply the standard Hebrew for 'voice' (rip) with the afformative -(d)n common in Ugaritic nouns. See Freedman, apud Bright 1965, 302, who cites LXX 'your voice'. is followed by a pun 'balsam, storax' onso, 'Egypt' both times in mockery. 11c is a common formula. In llde the (ironic)...

Stanza Ii

Strophe 1 strophe 2 strophe 3 strophe 4 The stanza can be broadly defined as a subdivision of a poem or better, a major subdivision of a poem which comprises one or more strophes. Intentionally, the aspect of regularity is omitted from the definition it is not excluded nor yet is it prescribed. From the range of definitions surveyed by Haublein,5 his own is perhaps the best The Italian etymology (a room of a house) implies that stanzas are 3. C.F. Kraft, Some Further Observations Concerning the...

Jsj

Journal for the Study of Judaism, Leiden. JSS Journal of Semitic Studies, Manchester. JThC Journal for Theology and the Church, New York. JTS Journal of Theological Studies, Oxford. K Kouyunjik ( tablet signature, British Museum). Kadmos Kadmos. Zeitschrift fur vor- und fr hgriechische Epi graphik, Berlin New York. KAI Donner, H. R llig, W., Kanaan ische und aram ische KTU Dietrich, M. Loretz, O. Sanmart n, J., Keilalphabetische Lang Language. Journal of the Linguistic Society of America, LS...

Roman Pdti Mai 50 Ka Symbol

Good understanding to those who acquire it. Each colon begins with a different letter, the letters being in alphabetic order. Two aspects of the device are immediately apparent the highly artificial nature of such a scheme and its non-oral character, these poems being intended to appeal to the eye rather than the ear. The basic pattern underwent various modifications, such as the arrangement of eight couplets each beginning with the same letter, as part of a long acrostic Ps 119, see below ,...

Poem

Stanza I stanza II stanza III stanza IV etc. A significant term related to the analysis of verse is STICHOMETRY or, as some prefer, 'lineation'.9 This denotes the segmenting of a text into verse-lines. A guide to marking off lines in Hebrew is the occurrence of pausal forms, as in Job 3,26 , 7. Particularly in the prophetic books where individual poems have often been run together into larger units. It would be an interesting exercise to incorporate terms such as 'canto' and 'cycle' into this...