Abbreviations

Core: How To Connect With Your Masculine Energy

Real Masculinity and Manhood

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In the notes to the selections, parentheses are used to enclose glosses and grammatical and other explanations. Square brackets are used to enclose Latin words omitted by an author for the sake of brevity, as well as English words that have no specific equivalent in the Latin original but that must be supplied in the translation. Square brackets also enclose references to numbered grammar and metrics points.

A.D.

anno Domini, in the

Christian era

abl.

ablative

acc.

accusative

acc.+inf.

accusative and infinitive

act.

active

adj.

adjective, adjectival

adv.

adverb(ial)

b.

born

B.C.

before Christ, before the

Christian era

c.

circa, about

cf.

confer, compare

compar.

comparative

cond.

conditional

conj. (after

conjugation (e.g., 3 conj.)

a number)

conj.

conjunction

d.

died

dat.

dative

decl.

declension

demon.

demonstrative

dep.

deponent

e.g.

exempli gratia, for example

etc.

et cetera

f. (after a

arid the following line

number)

f./F.

feminine

f.pl./p.PL.

feminine plural

fF. (after a

and the following lines

number)

fl.

floruit, flourished

Fl.

Flumen, River (maps)

fiit.

future

gen.

genitive

i.e.

id est, that is

imp.

imperative

imperf.

imperfect

impers.

impersonal

ind.

indicative

indecl.

indeclinable

indef.

indefinite

indir.

indirect

inf.

infinitive

interr.

interrogative

intr.

intransitive

irreg.

irregular

1.

line

lit.

literal(ly)

11.

lines

loc.

locative

m./M.

masculine

m.pl./m.pl.

masculine plural

n./N.

neuter

n.pl./N.PL.

neuter plural

n.o.p.

no other (principal) parts

neg.

negative

nom.

nominative

obj.

object

pass.

passive

perĀ£

perfect

pers.

person

pi.

plural

pluperf.

pluperfect

poss.

possessive

pple.

participle

prep.

preposition(al)

pres.

present

pron.

pronoun, pronominal

refl.

reflexive

rel.

relative

sg-

singular

sub.

subordinate

subj.

subjunctive

sup.

supine

superl.

superlative

tr.

transitive

trans.

translate

viz

videlicet, that is to say

voc.

vocative

POETRY SELECTIONS

ENNIUS

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