G89

Verbs of fearing are followed by ne and the subjunctive.

Ne ipsi teneamur formldo. Catulus a.5f.

I am afraid lest I myself may be caught.

Verbs of hindering, preventing, and forbidding can be followed by a noun clause introduced by quln, quominus, or ne and the subjunctive.

Si sensero hodie quicquam in his te nuptiis fallaciae conarl qudfiant minus ... (quo ... minus = quominus)

Terence Andria 196E

If I perceive today that you are trying any deceit in this marriage to prevent it from happening (lit., so that it does not happen)...

An indirect question, indirect command, or indirect petition has its verb in the subjunctive.

Quaeris, quot mihi basiationes tuae, Lesbia, sint satis superque. Catullus Carmina 7.if.

You ask, Lesbia, how many of your kisses are enough and more for me. (indirect question)

Immortalia ne speres, monet annus et... hora. Horace Odes 4.7.7f.

The year and the hour warn you not to hope that this will last forever (lit., that you should not hope for immortal things), (indirect command)

Dei ... sibi veniam pavido rogat ore. Ovid Metamorphoses 1.386

With frightened mouth, she asked that [the goddess] pardon her. (indirect petition; ut, which would normally introduce the petition, is omitted)

Some noun clauses not included in §g89, §G90, and §Ggi are expressed by ut/ne and the subjunctive,

Nec verl simile loquere nec verum, frutex, comesse quemquam ut quisquam absentem possiet.

Plautus Mostelläria itf. What you say is neither likely nor true, [you] blockhead, [namely] that a person can eat someone [who is] absent.

Sequence of tenses requires that the tense of the subjunctive in a subordinate clause is generally restricted by the tense of the verb in the main clause. In such cases, a primary tense in the main verb (present, future, future perfect, or perfect expressing a present state) is followed by a primary tense of the subjunctive (present or perfect); a secondary tense in the main verb (imperfect, perfect expressing a simple past action, or pluperfect) is followed by a historic tense of the subjunctive (imperfect or pluperfect).

Nescit, cui domino pdreat, unda maris. Ovid Tristia 1.2.26

The waves of the sea do not know which master they should obey.

(primary sequence: present indicative, present subjunctive) Ilia placet, quamvis inculto venerit ore. Tibullus Elegies 1.8.15

That [other] woman is pleasing even though she has come with [her] face not made up.

(primary sequence: present indicative, perfect subjunctive) Sterilesne elegit harenas ut caneret pauclsi

Lucan Bellum civile 9.576f. Did he choose barren sands to give oracles (lit., so that he might sing) to a few?

(secondary sequence: perfect indicative, imperfect subjunctive)

Rogabat denique, cur umquamfugisset. *Horace Sermdnes i.5.67f. He finally asked why he had ever fled.

(secondary sequence: imperfect indicative, pluperfect subjunctive)

The construction in Catullus Carmina ioi.iff., page 44, is complicated by the fact that the purpose clauses introduced by ut follow not from the main verb advenio, but from the perfect participle vectus, which expresses a simple past action (lit., having traveled)', consequently, their verbs, ddnarem and alloquerer, are imperfect subjunctive in a secondary sequence.

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