iG94-l A conditional sentence consists of an if clause and a main clause. V-/ There are two types.
€ Category 1 Conditional sentences that have the subjunctive in both clauses in Latin and that have would or should in the main clause in English.
Sï urbânus essês ... tamen renidëre usque quàque të nolletn.
Catullus Carmina jg.ioff. If you were a city man, nevertheless I would not want you to smile everywhere, (the reference is to the present) Quis hoc crèdat, nisi sit pro teste vetustâsi Ovid Metamorphoses 1.400 Who would believe this unless it were vouched for by antiquity?
(the reference is to the future) Si duo ... talis Idaea tulisset terra virôs,... Inachiâs vënisset ad urbës Dardanus. *Vergil Aeneid n.285ff.
If the Idaean land had produced two such men, Dardanus would have come to the cities of Greece (lit., Inachian (- Greek) cities). (the reference is to the past)
The time references of the subjunctive tenses are as indicated. Note that these are different from those of the potential subjunctive when used alone (§g68), and that English does not make a distinction between a sentence with a present reference and one with a future reference.
In Tibullus Elegies 1.8.22, page 121, a present subjunctive (sonent) in the si clause follows an imperfect subjunctive (faceret) in the main clause, even though the reference is to the present. This irregularity is probably due to considerations of meter.
C Category 2 Conditional sentences that have the indicative in both clauses in Latin and that do not have would or should in the main clause in English. The main difference between the Latin and English formations is in sentences of the following type.
Cênâbis bene ... si tecum attuleris bonam atque magnam cënam.
Catullus Carmina i3.iff. You will dine well if you bring with you a good and large dinner.
Because the dinner must be brought before it can be eaten, Latin uses the future perfect attuleris (see §g66).
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