A native of Stratford-on Avon in England, William Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway in 1582 and established himself as an actor and writer in London by the 1590s. It is believed that his playwrighting career began in 1591 with Henry VI, perhaps in collaboration with another writer. Othello first appeared in 1604, only a few years after Hamlet and a few months before King Lear. In all, Shakespeare is credited with having written over thirty plays. Though a prolific writer for the royal Court, he wrote plays that appealed to all classes of Elizabethan society. While his dramas were abridged and rewritten during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, by the Victorian Age his texts had been largely restored to their original versions. He died on his birthday in 1616 and was buried in Stratford.
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